Guidelines for Standard Precautions

Guidelines for Standard Precautions

Always practice Standard Precautions with every client

Disposable gloves- Use when contact is possible with blood, all body fluids except sweat, skin that has breaks in it, all mucous membranes, and when contact with hazardous cleaning or other chemicals. This includes activities during direct care and care of equipment. In the home, situations such as providing oral care, toileting assistance, disposing of soiled linens and dressings, and cleaning up client spills (vomit, urine, feces). Wash hands before and after using gloves. Never reuse a pair of gloves. The outside of the gloves is considered “dirty”. Non- sterile gloves should also be used any time you have a cut or non- intact skin on our hands.

Gowns and aprons- Must be worn during procedures or situations when there may be an exposure to blood, body fluids, draining wounds, or mucous membranes. May also be used when there is a potential to soil or infect clothing. Use a plastic garbage bag cut for your head and arms if nothing else is available.

Masks- Must be worn during procedures that are likely to generate droplets of body fluids, or if your client is coughing excessively.

Handwashing- Hands must be washed before gloving and after gloves are removed. Hands and other skin surfaces must be washed immediately and thoroughly if contaminated with blood or body fluids and after all client care activities. Caregivers who have open cuts, sores, or dermatitis on their hands must wear gloves for all client contact or be removed from client contact until the hands are healed.

Transportation- When transporting or moving any client who may have an infection, ensure that care is taken to use standard precautions to minimize the risk of transmission of microorganisms to others and to limit the contamination of environmental surfaces or equipment

Disposal of waste- waste should be disposed of in accordance with your agency policy. Never put any sharp items in the garbage. Body wastes such as urine and feces can be flushed down the toilet. Soiled diapers, disposable gloves, or dressings can be placed in plastic bags and put in the trash.

Quiz Standard Precautions


1. If a patient has an excessive cough and is unable to cover his mouth you should NOT have to wear a mask? T OR F

2. You must wash your hands upon entering a patient’s home, but you don’t have to before you leave? T OR F

3. It is ok to re-use your gloves providing you didn’t get anything on them? T OR F

4. It is ok to dispose of sharps in the garbage can providing they are capped? T OR F

5. If you have a cut or sore on your hand you don’t have to wear gloves as long as the cut/sore is scabbed over? T OR F

Answer key for: Standard precautions

1) F

2) F

3) F

4) F

5) F